New foreign investors beware: Co-operate with the Tax Office or be forced to sell-up
Recent changes are outlined below:
July 1, 2022
- Loss carry back for eligible companies extended to cover 2023 income year.
- Professional firm profits diverted to the professional's spouse or other associates to be reviewed under new Tax Office guidance.
- Corporate collective investment vehicle legislative regime introduced.
- Temporary full expensing of depreciating assets extended to include 2023 income year.
- Depreciable assets of a company joining a tax consolidation group have tax costs setting rules modified for assets depreciated under temporary full expensing rules.
December 9, 2021
- Reduced Pandemic leave disaster payment of $750 per week made available through to 30 June 2022.
August 5, 2021
- COVID-19 Disaster Payments are non-assessable non-exempt income in 2021 income year and later. Payments phasing out as vaccination rates increase.
July 1, 2021
- New Investment Engagement Service launched for businesses planning significant new investments in Australia.
- Tax Office small business independent review service made permanent for businesses with turnover < $10m, for income tax, GST, exercise, luxury car tax, wine equalisation tax and fuel tax credits. Requested before amended assessment issued.
- Small business income tax offset for individuals increased to provide a reduction of 16% for a tax payable up to $1,000.
- Self-managed superannuation funds can now have six members, increased from four members previously.
July 1, 2021
- Some COVID -19 state and territory business grants received by small and medium enterprises are non-assessable, non-exempt income for 2021 and 2022 income years.
- Certain state, territory and local government financial support for individuals and businesses suffering COVID-19 impacts made exempt where businesses have turnover less than $50 million and only in eligible programs.
March 31, 2021
- JobKeeper payments scheme ended.
October 5, 2020
- Boosting apprenticeship commencements subsidy (up to 50% of apprentice's wages) is assessable income.
June 4, 2020
- Homebuilder grant for new home or substantial renovation construction is not subject to income tax.
April 1, 2020
- COVID-19 cash flow boost payments are not subject to income tax
Foreign companies investing in Australia will have new obligations to co-operate with the Tax Office, and if they don’t keep the tax man happy they could face prosecution, fines and potentially be forced to divest the asset, according to Treasurer Morrison’s media release on 22 February.
Significant foreign investment into Australia requires approval by the Foreign Investment Review Board (FIRB) and approvals can have conditions applied. The investor is required to comply with those conditions or face sanctions. The approval requirements depend on a number of factors including:
- Whether the investor is a foreign Government;
- The type of investment (agricultural, business, commercial real estate, etc.);
- Monetary thresholds; and
- Free trade agreement commitments.
With this new initiative, the Government is using these foreign investment review powers to enforce largely pre-existing requirements under taxation laws. The FIRB process will be used to ratchet up tax compliant measures, cracking down on foreign investors. The change substantially increases Tax Office power in its circumstances.
The new requirements are that the foreign investor and associated people or organisations:
- Comply with our taxation laws;
- Provide required documents and information to the Tax Office;
- Notify the Tax Office if there are transactions that may be subject to our transfer pricing or anti-avoidance rules or otherwise specified by the Tax Office;
- Pay taxation debts; and
- Provide an annual report to FIRB on each investment anniversary date.
Where the Tax Office thinks the foreign investor is really risky, there may be additional requirements for the investor to engage in good faith with the Tax office to resolve tax issues that could relate to advance pricing agreements, thin capitalisation requirements or changes of structure and the investor may also be compelled to provide specified information to the Tax Office on a periodic basis including a forecast of tax payable.
The obligations would be implemented by imposing those new requirements on approvals of foreign investment applications.
Over recent years, the Government has been targeting foreign investors with initiatives including:
- Removing the 50% CGT discount;
- Imposing a 10% withholding tax on foreign investors selling Australian real estate;
- Reducing the threshold for foreign investment in agricultural land to $15 million;
- Establishing a register of agricultural land held by foreign investors;
- Forcing the divestment of assets worth $76 million previously incorrectly acquired by foreign nationals; and
- Appointing Mr David Irvine (Australia’s former top spy) to the Foreign Investment Review Board so that the Board can better consider national security issues.
These initiatives fuel our nationalistic verve but may be prudent. Do we run the risk of scaring foreign investors off?
Andrew and Tony Lovett
24 February 2016
Disclaimer: We believe this information to be correct at the time of publication. It is general in nature, for guidance only and is not intended to be personal advice. It should not be relied upon without obtaining professional advice regarding your direct circumstances. No responsibility can be accepted by any publisher, author, editor, contributor or consultant for loss occasioned directly or indirectly to any person acting or refraining from acting wholly or partly upon or resulting from the material in this publication nor for any error in, broken link or omission from the publication.
© Copyright Andrew Lovett – All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be republished in any form or by any means, electronic, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without written permission.